Methods applied for the diagnosis, prevention of cardiovascular diseases and valvular heart diseases, preventing the progression of the rooted heart diseases are called protective cardiology.
Advantages of Protective Cardiology
- Examination by specialized cardiologist and detailed consultation opportunity
- Electrocardiogram – Cardiogram
- Echocardiography- ECHO and ECG with effort test
- Measurement for risk indicators like cholesterol, homocysteine, hs-CRP-PLAC test, protective genetic tests for cardiac diseases
- Engaging the protective measures with and without medication
Aim of the Protective Cardiology
In the world and in our country;
- To decrease rapidly increasing number of heart attacks and deaths due to heart diseases
- To increase the awareness for the causes of the heart diseases such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, diabetes mellitus, stress, alcohol consumption and smoking
- Protective medication treatment has been accepted for avoiding the recurrance of heart attacks by means of protective cardiology controls for individuals with a previous history of coronery-artery diseases, balloon angioplasty or stent and bypass.
- Beta blockers prevents heart disease and provides an important protective function.
- ACE inhibitors prevents hypertension and protects the heart with its cardiovascular protection
- Statins prevent the fat deposition in the vessels, decreases the cholesterol in blood and provides a very significant protection.
Electrocardiography is a technique to reflect the electric current in the heart muscle on paper.
It helps in the evaluation of heart rhythm disorders and cardiovascular diseases.
Echo is a technique of heart ultrasound that is not harmful for body and works by using ultrasound waves.
- Anatomic structure of the heart
- Diameter of the gaps in the heart
- Structure of the cardiac valves and functions of the cardiac valce (suspicision for clot, arthritis, tightness or haemorrhage
- Congenital heart diseases
- Measurement of contraction and pumping power of the heart are areas where the method is used.
Echocardiography can be used for several purposed including diagnosis of the potential harms of hypertension and when necessary complaints like diabetes and chest pain, dyspnoea, palpitation, fainting in patients with cardiac insufficiency and previous heart attack story.
ECG with Effort Test
TREADMILL exercise test is a diagnosis method giving information about the oxygen need of the heart during exercise, in other word during walking and running while the patient walks on the treadmill. Effort capacity evaluation is performed for monitoring the patients with diagnosis tension, pulse, cardiac rhytym and coronary artery disease by evaluating the changes in ECG. Effort test is based on continuous monitoring of the ECG while the patient is doing exercise with an increasing pressure on the heart and recording the results. Before the effort test, your medications related to heart and tension should be re-evaluated by your physician. It will be sufficient to be fasting for the last two hours, to bring comfortable cloths and sneakers.
It is a procedure where the rhytym and tension is recorded for 24 hours on a mobile device that the patient is carrying. Holter tension records the values of cystolic (big) and diastolic (small) tension blood pressure values during the day and night. It is a diagnosis method which is especially beneficial for early diagnosis of hypertension.
Rhythm holter is recording the electrical activity of the heart and heart beats for 24 – 48 and 2 hours. It is a valuable diagnostic method used in the diagnosis of rhythm disorders by measuring the highest and lowest values of the heartrate with a few cables and small device placed on the belt.
Short-term palpitations, slowdown in the pulse, rhythm disorders caused and not caused by heart which cannot be recognised during daily life can be detected by means of rhythm holter.
Laboratory and Imaging Services
Blood tests performed include the measurement of risk indicators like cholesterol, homocystein, hs-CRP-PLAC test and tests related to diabetes, electrolytes (K, Ca, Mg, Na), whole blood count, kidney, liver, pancreas, thyroid, rheumatism, infection and prostate as well as vitamines and tumor indicators (9-12 hours of fasting is required for some of the tests).