Methods Applied for the Normal Development of Children
Children should be monitored starting from time in the womb until the end of puberty at certain time intervals. The purpose it to protect and support the health, prevent the avoidable diseases and early diagnose and treat the diseases.
At every examination, the systemic examination of the child is performed and measurements of hight, weight and for children below the age of 2 the diameter of head are evaluated. Hearing impairments, visual and dental problems are investigated. Through consultations with family and observation of the child, behavioral problems are analysed.
MONITORING THE GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND NUTRITION
Children are not copies of their parents. Their major difference from adults is the fact that they continuously grow and develop. The monitoring of this process starts in the womb through examinations of the physicians and continues to be evaluated by pediatrist until the end of puberty.
Growth is completed with the increase in the physical characteristics of the child.
Whereas development includes mental, motor and psychological maturation.
The speed of the growth can be different at different ages whereas certain changes specific to age are expected for development.
Evaluation of the growth:
In order to monitor the growth under the supervision of pediatrist, measurements of weight, height, diameter of head are performed and the values are evaluated according to growth curve.
The height and weight of the children are measured and marked on the standard growth curves and then compared to to that of other children with same gender and at the same age. When the values of the child is below or above the standard growth curves or when this applies to previous measurements, a discontinuation of the growth curve should be an alert. In such cases, examinations should be performedin terms of nutritional disorder, genetic problems, hormonal impairments, celiac disease or chronic infection.
When necessary, measurement of bone age can also be done.
Evaluation of the development:
During the examination of the child, the evaluation should be done in different access for monitoring the development.
Each child is expected to gain certain capabilities at certain time intervals. On this basis, physicians evaluate the neuro-motor and psycho-social development of the children through examinations as well as questions directed to the parents. The development of the child can be evaluated through personal, social, lingual, fine and gross motor skills.
Children at pre-school age should be able to eat, getting dressed alone and to know toilet and hygiene rules. The speech should be understandable.
Furthermore, concentration and the ability to play with other children should also be questioned.
Evaluation of the nutrition:
Examination and measurements done by the pediatrist give an idea about the nutritional habits of the child.
Additionally, the diet which plays an important role at the growth is questioned, the questions of the parents are answered and recommendations are given.